History and utility of the breed.
The origin of the Spanish Water Dog (Perro de Agua Español) is not fully recognized, just like the most of domestic dog breeds. The first record of a similar dog in written sources appeared as far back as in 1100. A water herding dog from the southern part of the Iberian Peninsula used to round up sheep and goats in dry as well as in humid regions of Extremadura, and Algarve in Portugal is described in that record as medium-size, curly hair resembling wool, strong, brave and very intelligent dog, which likes jumping into water and chasing ducks.
Other theories argue that the breed ̓s roots go back to the later period. Some link them with the epoch of Moor domination in Spain, assuming that just the Moors were those who brought their dogs to the Iberian Peninsula. The others refer to the end of 18th c., when fully developed cattle trade, dominated by Turkish merchants, existed in that part of the Mediterranean. They often traveled with their dogs guarding sheep flocks. Another name of the bread – Turkish Andalusian Dog (perro turco andaluz) can derive from these dogs. The brought dogs could crossbreed with the local ones and the next generations were accustomed to new tasks. Among other things, fishermen exploited the animals, training them for pulling the mooring ropes of vessels. The illustration published in Buffon ̓s Natural History, presenting the oldest type of water dog, which is almost identical with contemporary breed ̓s representatives, originates from this period (1750).
The journalist, explorer and one of the greatest experts in Spanish breeds – Carlos Salar Medero gathering all that information, drew the conclusion that the marshes surroundings Spanish River Guadalquivir were the cradle of the Spanish water dog. The breed that could serve various purposes was created there. Water dogs were ideal for wetlands, they got along in green meadows as well as in dry tablelands, equipped with unique aptitude for finding animals in water.
The breed has been becoming increasingly popular in Spain since 1864, when the dog named Tim described as Spanish poodle won the dog show in Manchester. Breeding true-bred water dog began slightly over 100 years later, in 1973. Several connoisseurs turned their attention to herding dogs with extraordinary abilities, living in Moròn de la Frontera in Seville and started searching for similar animals. The animals shown as a result of that activity were presented in 1981 on the dogs show in San Pedro del Alcántara, near Malaga, where they attracted the spectators attention. The Royal Spanish Kennel Society, after elaborating the bench standard, accepted the new breed – Spanish Waterdog on the national level in 1958. The breed gained international approval after 17 years, it received nᵒ 336 and became classified to the 8th group, as a water dog. The Spanish cynologists, enlisting the breed into the registers, made an effort to estimate its origin. Generally, very different parts of Spain were assumed to be places of the breed forming and an ancestor guarding dog or hound dog – both well known in the area of Spain from the early Middle Ages, can not be defined with certainty, because it is not possible to establish which breed was first. Genetic admixture of dogs brought by Turkish merchants is not excluded, either. These dogs gave also the origin to Portuguese Water Dog and French Barbet Water Dog. Division into various local sub- types, of which particular breeds were formed came into effect in part very early, however, in a way, as late as in the 19th century.
The Spanish Water Dogs from the beginning of their existence, being utility breed, assist in pasturing works, hunting, and act as rescue dogs on land and in water. Dogs selected to these tasks have to pass adequate socialization training in order to create strong bonds with humans. This process is extremely important for a dog and should start already between 5th and 7th week of a puppy᾿s life and intensify between 8th and 12th week. Later, when a dog reaches the age of 5 months, a specialized training, conducted always with an adult individual, which serves as a guard-mentor, starts. A dog trained properly is ready for individual work in 1 year from its birth. Dogs of this breed, owing to their intelligence, speed and bravery are, as formerly, irreplaceable assistance for people working with herds of cattle, sheep, goats in difficult mountain regions and wetlands, despite present technology progress. Spanish Water Dog was also traditionally used for hunting rabbits, birds and sometimes larger game. Lack of shooting phobia and perfect skills of swimming or even diving and also inherent predispositions to retrieving are its advantages in this case. The breed has also been for years one of the best in rescuing victims of various disasters. They shine in this field with immense diligence, perfect sense of smell and strength, which enables them to pull a burden being seven times bigger than their own weigh. Spanish rescue teams, working with dogs of this breed, participated in rescuing victims of disasters in Iran, Mexico, Colombia, Morocco, Honduras and India. Numerous families owe saving life of their loved ones trapped under ruins just to Spanish Water Dogs.
Lack of hair loss, attentiveness in relation to puppies, perfect health, temperament, attachment to a master, vitality, sociability, activity, curiosity to unknown are the advantages of the breed. Spanish Water Dogs are also highly esteemed on dog beauty shows. These qualities caused that at present, dogs of the described breed can be met in many countries of Europe: Finland, Scandinavian countries, Belgium, France, England and both Americas.
Spanish Water Dogs as pets require much attention and time for playing, much sensitivity from owners part and then they learn willingly and quickly. They have considerable mobility needs, they like swimming and fetching. In return, they become very attached and loyal to their master. They achieve good results in obedience and retrieving competitions. They usually live in harmony with other dogs, domestic animals, other pets and children It is advisable to acquaint them with cats in order to avoid possible discord in mutual contacts between these animals. These dogs warn against dangers barking, but they do not do much more.
For more information about dogs our race look in printed books:
Cristina Desarnaud – Spanish Water Dog: Special Rare-Breed Editiion:A Comprehensive Owner’s Guide, 2003 Irvine
Di Williamson Wanda Sooby – The Spanish Water Dog Book, 2007 Singapore
FCI-Standard N° 336/03. 09. 1999/GB
SPANISH WATER DOG (Perro de aga espańol)
Polish version: April 2011 *
Mrs. Peggy Davis.
Used as shepherd dog, hunting dog and assistant to the fisherman.
Group 8 Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs.
Section 3 Water Dogs.
Without working trial.
Rustic dog, well proportioned (medium weight), dolichocephalic, of rather elongated harmonious shape and attractive appearance, of an athletic nature with well developed muscles owing to his regular exercise; the profile is rectilinear; his sight, hearing and scent are well developed.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
Length of body/size (height at withers) = 9/8.
Depth of chest/size (height at withers) = 4/8.
Length of muzzle/length of skull = 2/3.
Faithful, obedient, gay, hard working, watchful and well balanced. Learning ability is outstanding owing to his extraordinary mental grasp; he adapts to all situations and conditions.
HEAD: Strong, carried with elegance.
Skull: Flat with only slightly marked occipital crest. Axes of skull and muzzle parallel.
Stop: Facial-cranial depression gentle, only slightly marked.
Profile is rectilinear.
Nose: Nostrils well defined. Nose is of the same colour or slightly darker than the darkest tone of the coat.
Lips: Well fitting; labial corners well defined.
Teeth: Well formed, white, with well developed canines.
Eyes: Slightly oblique position, very expressive; of a hazel to chestnut colour, should harmonize with the colour of the coat. The conjunctiva is not apparent.
Ears: Set at medium height, triangular and drooping.
Short, well muscled, without dewlap, well set into the shoulders.
Withers: Hardly marked.
Back: Straight and powerful.
Croup: Slightly sloping.
Chest: Broad and well let down – ribs well arched; diameter of thorax ample indicating considerable respiratory capacity.
Underline: Belly slightly tucked up.
Set at medium height. Certain subjects show a congenital shortened tail (brachyouria)*.
(* – From standard deleted provision regarding the shortening of the tail because it is incompatible with the amendment of the Protection Act of Animals (DZ.U.2011, No. 230, poz. 1373, Article 6, paragraph 2, p. 1), which prohibits the copying treatments of ears and tails.)
FOREQUARTERS: Strong and vertical.
Shoulders: Well muscled and oblique.
Upper arms: Sturdy.
Elbows: Close to the chest and parallel.
Forearms: Straight and sturdy.
Carpus(Pastern joint) and pastern: Straight, rather short.
Front feet: Rounded, toes tight, nails of varied colours; resistant pads.
Perfectly vertical with not too pronounced angulations and muscles capable of transmitting to the body a very energetic impulsion and the spring necessary for easy and elegant jumping.
Upper thighs: Long and well muscled.
Second thighs: Well developed.
Hock joint: Well let down.
Hock: Short, lean and perpendicular to the ground.
Hind feet: As the forefeet.
The preferred gait is the trot.
Supple, fine and well adhering to the body. Can be pigmented brown or black, or be without pigment according to the colour of the coat. The same applies to the mucous membranes.
HAIR: Always curly and of a woolly texture. Curly when short, can form cords when long. Clipped subjects are admitted; the clipping, always complete and even, must never become an « aesthetic » grooming.
The recommanded maximum length of the hair for shows is 12 cm (15 cm extending the curl) and the
minimum is 3 cm to see the quality of the curl.
The puppies always are born with curly hair.
Solid: White, black and chestnut in their different shades.
Bicoloured: White and black or white and brown in their different shades.
Tricoloured subjects, and black and tan as well as hazelnut and tan dogs are not admitted.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers: males 44 to 50 cm, females 40 to 46 cm.
2 cm maximum deviation are admitted in both sexes whenever the subject maintains balance according to his height at withers.
Weight: males 18 – 22 kg, females 14 – 18 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Dorso-lumbar region distinctly saddle-backed.
Belly let down or excessively tucked up.
Aggresive or overly shy.
Inferior or superior prognathism.
Presence of dewclaws.
Smooth or wavy coat.
Spotty or flecked coat, black and tan or chestnut and tan coat.
Lack of balance in character.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.